One of the most common symptoms of diabetes is neuropathy. Diabetic neuropathy starts in the feet and moves up. It is most common among individuals with type 2 diabetes, but can also develop in people with prediabetes. Peripheral neuropathy involves the damage to the nerves outside the brain and spinal cord. Numbness in the feet and legs increases the risk of infection. Since blood sugar levels are high, bacteria multiply faster and glucose is found in urine, resulting in urinary tract infections.
Although sugar itself doesn’t cause diabetes, eating foods that are high in sugar can lead to weight gain, which is a risk factor for the disease. The American Heart Association recommends that women should consume about six teaspoons of sugar daily, while men should eat about nine. Overeating sugar has other consequences as well, including raising blood pressure, causing heart disease, and causing fat buildup in the liver. In addition, diabetes symptoms can worsen if ignored.
Another complication of diabetes is kidney damage. People with diabetes may develop proteinuria, which is a sign of kidney damage. The good news is that preventing diabetes is possible. Early diagnosis and treatment can lead to improved control of blood sugar levels and a longer life. The Cleveland Clinic lists some of the symptoms of diabetes. One of the most common is numbness or tingling of the hands and feet, dry skin, and frequent yeast infections.
The first type of diabetes symptoms are often not noticeable, but if you’re diabetic, these symptoms may be a sign that you need to see a doctor. It is important to get a proper diagnosis to prevent the disease from progressing to severe complications. The signs of type 1 diabetes may occur in childhood, and may take several years to develop. Even if you suspect type 2 diabetes, you should understand the risk factors for the disease and take steps to address them as early as possible.
Another common symptom is frequent urination. Your kidneys are attempting to excrete the excess glucose, which results in extreme thirst, dry mouth, and itchy skin. You may also have an increased level of appetite, a sign that you are not getting the energy you need from the food you eat. Ultimately, your blood glucose levels can damage your nerves, making it difficult for your body to heal itself. As a result, your wounds may take longer to heal.
Type 1 diabetes can be treated with oral medications or lifestyle changes. If lifestyle changes are not enough, you might need to use insulin as well. These medications are effective for many people with diabetes, but they may not be right for you. If your doctor decides that you need insulin, they can give you a medication that will help you. Taking insulin is not a permanent solution. You should check your blood sugar level every day. The doctor can also prescribe oral medications to manage your condition.
Type 2 diabetes is more common in people of certain races, particularly Hispanics, American Indians, and Asians. The age of the patient is another risk factor, and the mother’s weight increases. Those with diabetes during pregnancy are more likely to have large babies and unexplained stillbirths. Furthermore, the risk of gestational diabetes is increased by being overweight and carrying a baby over nine pounds. In addition to the common symptoms of type 2 diabetes, she may be prone to having a cesarean delivery.