If you are suffering from diabetes, it is important to know the symptoms of diabetes and what types of treatments are available to help control your levels. A glucose challenge test and a 3-hour glucose tolerance test are both common tests for diabetes. The sooner your symptoms are detected, the earlier you can begin treatment. A Healthline FindCare locator can help you find a doctor in your area. Once you have been diagnosed, it is crucial to know the symptoms of diabetes to get the most appropriate treatment.
Metformin, a type 2 diabetes drug, is used to control blood glucose levels. It works by blocking the production of glucose by the liver, thereby reducing the amount of insulin required for sugar transport into cells. Metformin also has an effect on cholesterol. It is commonly used as a first-line therapy for diabetes, and is often continued with other therapies. Metformin side effects are minor and usually occur only after starting the medication at a low dose and increasing it slowly. Metformin does not increase weight or cause hypoglycemia. Despite these side effects, this drug has an excellent safety record.
People with type 1 diabetes typically require insulin therapy. Others with type 2 diabetes may require insulin, oral medications, or a combination of all three. Various types of insulin are available, including rapid-acting, long-acting, and intermediate-acting. Type 1 diabetes requires insulin injections; patients with type 2 diabetes may need oral medications and exercise. A doctor can recommend the best treatment for you. The best treatment plan will depend on your health history and your needs.
Among the various types of diabetes treatment, lifestyle changes have been proven beneficial. Although lifestyle changes are beneficial for many, some patients may have difficulty implementing them. This is where drug therapy comes in. Drug therapy, including initial hypoglycaemic agents, intensification strategies, and insulin injections, is often needed. Drugs are often required in combination with other medications, and a physician must be aware of all the different types of diabetes drugs available. The goal of the treatment is to reduce the risk of complications caused by diabetes while improving overall health and well-being.
A comprehensive approach to diabetes treatment involves a combination of nutrition, exercise, and pharmacological therapies. Individualized nutrition therapy from a registered dietitian is recommended for patients with type 2 diabetes. Some diabetes medications, including metformin, can be prescribed to lower blood sugar levels. In addition to a balanced diet, people with type 2 diabetes should also avoid alcohol and sugary drinks, as these are high in carbohydrates and are risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is caused by a lack of insulin in the body. Insulin deficiency can result in a decreased sex drive and erectile dysfunction. In women, pregnancy may be a factor. Although insulin-free treatment for pregnancy can help lower blood sugar, it may not be enough to protect the unborn baby. In some women, the diagnosis of gestational diabetes is based on a routine blood sugar test. During the 24th and 28th week of pregnancy, a woman may have increased thirst and urination.